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Table 9 The mentolabial angle in idealized images from classical and Renaissance art and sculpture

From: Mentolabial angle and aesthetics: a quantitative investigation of idealized and normative values

Artwork Artist Era Mentolabial angle (°)
Doryphoros (Pompeii, now in Naples) Polykleitos of Argos Classical Greece 105
Heracles (Naples) Polykleitos of Argos Classical Greece 125
Hermes Apollonius Classical Greece 109
Aphrodite of Milos (Venus de Milo) Alexandros of Antioch Hellenistic Greece 95
Head of a youth in profile (male head) Leonardo da Vinci Italian Renaissance 95
Study of the valves and muscles of the heart (male head in profile) Leonardo da Vinci Italian Renaissance 105
Woman’s head in profile Leonardo da Vinci Italian Renaissance 128
La Bella Principessa Leonardo da Vinci Italian Renaissance 130
Idealized head of a woman After Leonardo da Vinci (unknown artist) Italian Renaissance 99
Head of a woman in profile Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio Italian Renaissance 118
David Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian Renaissance 100
Primavera (middle sister, profile) Botticelli Italian Renaissance 117
Woman’s profile (from The Three Ages of Man) Titian Italian Renaissance 116