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Table 4 Differences between 3D and manual measurements

From: Validation of a new three-dimensional imaging system using comparative craniofacial anthropometry

  Subject
  A B C D E F Median % Diff
Maxillary depth 0.69 −0.06 0.91 −2.19 −1.64 −0.39 −0.22 0.66
Mandibular depth −1.82 3.95 −1.04 −2.53 0.27 −3.66 −1.43 1.57
Morphological face height −3.45 0.99 −1.09 −2.45 −0.57 −1.53 −1.31 1.05
Chin height 0.60 5.53 0.14 1.02 0.44 −4.39 0.52 3.11
Intercanthal width 1.94 0.69 −1.17 −3.65 −0.11 −2.43 −0.64 4.90
Biocular width −4.07 −5.05 −2.96 −4.75 −2.62 −2.65 −3.51 3.63
Nose height −3.09 −4.10 −1.17 −0.60 −3.55 −2.65 −2.87 4.44
Nasal tip protrusion −0.02 −5.78 −0.53 −0.91 −0.48 0.32 −0.51 2.53
Columella length 2.03 −0.64 0.81 −0.04 0.20 1.68 0.50 7.66
Alar surface length −0.70 −0.40 −0.25 −1.64 −1.26 1.97 −0.55 2.90
Labial fissure width −3.40 −5.04 −3.01 −1.85 −2.23 −2.03 −2.62 4.72
Upper lip height −0.06 2.73 0.10 −1.73 −1.53 0.87 0.02 5.63
Upper vermilion height −0.16 0.61 −0.69 −0.84 −1.00 −0.51 −0.60 8.10
Lower vermilion height −2.28 0.90 −1.69 −0.36 −1.84 0.16 −1.02 12.05
Lower lip height −0.99 0.41 −0.15 −0.96 −0.98 −1.35 −0.97 4.86