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Table 1 Measurements of mandibular ramus morphology

From: Evaluation of mandibular lingula and foramen location using 3-dimensional mandible models reconstructed by cone-beam computed tomography

1. Mandibular angle: angle between two tangent lines of ower border and posterior border
2. ML–MF: distance from ML to MF
3. AP: anteroposterior ramal dimension at ML parallel to OP
4. ML–internal line: distance from ML to internal oblique line parallel to OP
5. ML–external line: distance from ML to external oblique line parallel to OP
6. ML–posterior line: distance from ML to posterior border of the ramus parallel to OP
7. ML–SN: distance from ML to the lower point of sigmoid notch
8. ML–second molar: distance from ML to the CEJ of mandibular second molar
9. ML–lower border: distance from ML to the lower border of ramus
10. ML–Go: distance from ML to Go
  1. Abbreviations: ML, mandibular lingula; MF, mandibular foreman; AP, anteroposterior; OP, occlusal plane; SN, sigmoid notch; Go, gonion
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