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Table 1 Surgical techniques of previously reported temporalis tendon transfer

From: Management of the paralyzed face using temporalis tendon transfer via intraoral and transcutaneous approach

Author Number of patients Incision site Average follow-up Complications Remarks
Boahene et al. [3] 17 Melolabial crease 3 weeks None Single small incision and minimal dissection
Using fascia lata graft if required
In patients without a melolabial crease, a transoral incision or approach is chosen.
Breidahl et al. [8] 7 Temporal, nasolabial groove 3 months Thigh hematoma
Skin tethering
Using facia lata graft
Avoid coronoidectomy
Labbe et al. [11] 10 Temporal, nasolabial groove 48 months None Temporalis muscle lengthening
Coronoidectomy
Zygomatic arch can be sectioned
Contreras-García et al. [12] 2 Oblique temporal, paramedian frontal, Intraoral 3 weeks None Based on Labbe’s technique
Using endoscopic approach
Erni et al. [19] 10 Temporal, nasolabial groove, intraoral 80 months Unknown Using technique of McLoughlin et al. [7]
Intraoral coronoidectomy
Balaji et al. [20] 5 Temporal, nasolabial groove, intraoral 60 months None Using facia lata graft
Intraoral coronoidectomy
Terzis et al. [21] 35 Temporal, intraoral 38 months Alopecia hollowing of the infratemporal fossa Mini-temporalis transfer with free muscle transfer (cross-facial nerve graft and free muscle graft)
Har-Shai et al. [22] 15 Temporal, nasolabial groove 3 months Unknown Using Labbe’s technique [11]
Using intraoperative electrical stimulation for accurate positioning
Griffin et al. [23] 7 Melolabial crease, mental crease Unknown Wound infection on graft area Using facia lata graft
Connect to upper lip and lower lip
Petersson et al. [24] 3 Intraoral, small external skin incision 13 months None Using facia lata graft