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Table 1 Patients’ information

From: Postoperative malocclusion after maxillofacial fracture management: a retrospective case study

Case Sex Age (years) Injured site Primary treatment Postoperative complication Final treatment
1 F 29 Mx. fx. ORIF Openbite (#17–47 contact only), maxillary deviation (malunion), TMD Orthognathic surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy)
2 M 54 Mn. (body) and Mx. fx., multiple tooth luxation, and loss ORIF, improper tooth extraction Bone necrosis, malocclusion, tooth loss (#21, 31–34), tooth pain Reconstruction with iliac bone graft, dental implantation, vestibuloplasty, scar revision
3 F 41 Mn. (body and ramus) fx., multiple tooth luxation, tooth fx. ORIF without tooth reduction Tooth pain, pulp necrosis, malocclusion, TMD Dental tx. (tooth extraction, endodontic and prosthodontic tx.), TMD tx
4 M 24 Mn. (ramus) fx., tooth fx. ORIF Tooth problem Dental tx. (tooth extraction, prosthodontic tx., implant)
5 M 18 Panfacial fx., multiple tooth luxation, tooth fx., alveolar bone fx. ORIF without tooth reduction Tooth loss, tooth mobility, alveolar bone resorption, malocclusion Dental tx. (tooth extraction, endodontic and prosthodontic tx.)
6 F 37 Mx. and Mn. fx., tooth loss, multiple tooth luxation, tooth fx. ORIF without tooth reduction Condyle displacement, TMD, tooth loss, tooth pain, malocclusion Dental tx. (tooth extraction, endodontic and prosthodontic tx.), TMD tx.
7 M 53 Mn. (body and condyle) fx., tooth fx. Tooth luxation ORIF without tooth reduction Tooth problem, malocclusion, TMD Dental tx. (endodontic and prosthodontic tx.), TMD tx.
8 M 53 Mn. (ramus) fx. tooth luxation ORIF, improper tooth extraction Malocclusion, TMD, and osteomyelitis Saucerization, TMD tx.
9 F 56 Mn. (body and both condyle) fx. ORIF without condyle reduction Tooth problem, malocclusion, TMD Dental tx. (endodontic and prosthodontic tx.), TMD tx.
  1. TMD temporomandibular disorder, Mn mandible, Mx maxilla, tx treatment, fx fracture, ORIF open reduction and internal fixation