Skip to main content

Table 9 Descriptive statistics of measurements of the Kenyan African male and Kenyan African female

From: Normative anthropometry and proportions of the Kenyan-African face and comparative anthropometry in relation to African Americans and North American Whites

  Male Female
Mean Standard deviation ± Mean Standard deviation ±
Vertical measurements
 Forehead height I (tr-g) 61.4 3.2 55.4 3.3
 Forehead height II (tr-n) 72.2 2.3 67.5 2.9
 Midface height (g-sn) 64.8 6.5 65.3 5.7
 Nasal height (n-sn) 51.0 1.9 47.6 3.1
 Lower face height (sn-me) 76.4 3.6 69.5 4.8
 Upper lip height (sn-sto) 25.5 1.3 24.0 2.5
 Lower lip height (sto-sl) 22.5 1.9 20.7 1.1
 Philtrum height (sn-ls) 15.5 1.3 13.5 1.6
 Lateral commissure height 23.5 2.6 22.3 2.3
 Upper vermillion height (Is-sto) 13.7 1.3 13.4 0.9
 Lower vermillion height (sto-li) 13.8 0.9 13.6 1.0
 Chin height (fml-me) 36.5 3.1 34.1 3.2
 Lower lip to labiomental fold 12.1 1.9 10.6 1.1
 Labiomental fold 8.2 1.9 7.9 2.8
 Lower lip to menton 56.2 3.5 51.6 3.4
 Nasion to menton 101.8 3.6 117.1 5.4
Horizontal measurements
 Intercanthal distance (en-en) 32.2 1.9 32.1 1.4
 Eye width (ex-en) 34.0 3.4 33.7 1.5
 Biocular width (ex-ex) 98.2 3.5 94.4 4.9
 Nasal width (al-al) 43.2 3.8 40.7 3.7
 Ala curvature (ac-ac) 41.3 3.1 33.5 2.2
 Mouth width (ch-ch) 55.9 3.3 52.0 4.0
 Bitemporal width (ft-ft) 115.3 3.4 111.2 2.5
 Bizygomatic width(zy-zy) 133.8 4.6 130.1 3.5
 Bigonial width (go-go) 106.6 5.9 96.8 2.9