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Table 3 Summary of swallowing outcomes based on clinical and videofluoroscopic assessment

From: Functional outcome predictors following mandibular reconstruction with osteocutaneous fibula free flaps: correlating early postoperative videofluoroscopic swallow studies with long-term clinical results

OutcomeNumber%
Penetrationa
 Yes1336%
 No2364%
Aspirationa
 Yes719%
 No2981%
Preoperative G-tube
 Yes822%
 No2878%
Postoperative G- tubeb
 Yes1439%
 No2261%
Unrestricted dietc
 Yes2981%
 No719%
  1. aIdentified on first VFSS, performed within 3 weeks postoperatively
  2. bPerformed if unable to achieve oral diet >4 weeks postoperatively
  3. cDefined as similar-to, or better than preoperative diet