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Table 1 Comparison of the measurements for the genial tubercle position evaluated by radiographic measures

From: Genial tubercle position and genioglossus advancement in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment: a systematic review

Literatures Radiographic study N IBM–IGT IBM–CGT Apex–SGT GTH GTW MT (IGT) MT (CGT)
Hueman 2007 CBCT 17 NA 11.2 ± 3.6 NA 5.1 ± 1.6 5.3 ± 1.2 14.4 ± 2.8 NA
Yin 2007 SPIRAL 40 (29/11) 10.41 ± 1.55 NA M: 14.34 ± 2.06 6.17 ± 0.71 7.01 ± 1.13 12.9 ± 1.64 NA
    ND ND F: 8.78 ± 2.53 ND ND ND NA
Wang 2012 CBCT 48 (23/25) M: 8.4 ± 1.55   M: 9.1 ± 3.2 M: 6.5 ± 1.7 M: 7.8 ± 1.6 NA M: 13.3 ± 1.7
    F: 7.9 ± 2.2   F: 8 ± 2.6 F: 6.7 ± 1.9 F: 7.1 ± 1.6 NA F: 12.7 ± 2.1
  1. IBM–IGT distance from the inferior border of the genial tubercle (IGT) to the inferior border of the mandible (IBM), Apex–SGT distance from the root apex of the mandibular incisor tooth (Apex) to the superior border of the genial tubercle (SGT), GTH genial tubercle height which is the distance from the superior border of the genial tubercle (SGT) to the inferior border of the genial tubercle (IGT), GTW genial tubercle width, MT thickness of the anterior mandible