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Table 2 Comparison of the measurements for the genial tubercle position evaluated from cadavers

From: Genial tubercle position and genioglossus advancement in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment: a systematic review

Literatures Cadaveric N IBM–IGT IBM–CGT Apex–SGT GTH GTW MT (IGT) MT (CGT)
Silverstein 2000   10 NA 14.2 ± 2.2 11.8 ± 1.69 NA NA NA 12.6 ± 1.84
Hennessee 2005   7 12.5 ± 1.44 NA NA 11.64 ± 1.84 6.86 ± 1.03 NA NA
Hueman 2007   17 NA 13.3 ± 2.9 NA 4.7 ± 1.5 4.9 ± 0.9 14.3 ± 2.2 NA
Yin 2007   40 (29/11) 11.08 ± 2.05 NA M: 15.57 ± 1.82 5.82 ± 0.71 6.98 ± 1.35 11.95 ± 1.59 NA
      F: 9.36 ± 2.79     
  1. IBM–IGT distance from the inferior border of the genial tubercle (IGT) to the inferior border of the mandible (IBM), IBM-CGT distance from the center of the genial tubercle (CGT) to the inferior border of the mandible (IBM), Apex–SGT distance from the root apex of the mandibular incisor tooth (Apex) to the superior border of the genial tubercle (SGT), GTH genial tubercle height which is the distance from the superior border of the genial tubercle (SGT) to the inferior border of the genial tubercle (IGT), GTW genial tubercle width, MT thickness of the anterior mandible