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Table 2 Gender effects on cephalometric differences between OSA and control patients

From: Gender-specific cephalometric features related to obesity in sleep apnea patients: trilogy of soft palate-mandible-hyoid bone

 Male (n = 162)P valueFemale (n = 44)P value
OSAControlOSAControl
(n = 135)(n = 27)(n = 23)(n = 21)
Clinical
 Age, years46.4 (13.2)35.9 (11.1)0.00156.0 (12.2)44.0 (12.1)0.002
 ESS8.8 (5.2)9.3 (5.3)0.6139.0 (4.9)9.8 (6.3)0.655
 PSQI7.3 (3.5)6.8 (3.3)0.5268.5 (4.4)9.6 (4.3)0.412
Anthropometry
 BMI, kg/m225.9 (3.3)24.6 (3.5)0.04525.5 (4.8)23.4 (3.2)0.105
 NC, cm39.9 (2.7)37.9 (4.1)0.00235.5 (3.3)35.1 (6.2)0.790
 WHR0.95 (0.05)0.89 (0.05)0.0010.91 (0.04)0.86 (0.05)0.002
Cephalometry
 SNA83.9 (5.0)85.4 (4.6)0.15584.3 (5.6)82.5 (4.8)0.260
 SNB81.0 (4.8)82.7 (4.9)0.09979.9 (4.9)80.2 (5.1)0.850
 ANB2.9 (2.8)2.7 (2.8)0.7774.5 (2.5)2.4 (2.8)0.013
 SPL42.4 (4.4)39.9 (3.9)0.00639.9 (5.7)37.9 (4.5)0.186
 SPT11.7 (1.9)11.4 (1.9)0.55311.2 (2.1)9.7 (1.2)0.004
 RPS7.5 (2.5)8.5 (2.9)0.066.8 (2.6)7.1 (2.1)0.667
 RLS11.0 (3.8)11.3 (4.2)0.7588.9 (2.8)9.1 (2.5)0.825
 MPH19.1 (6.4)18.0 (7.2)0.45311.9 (7.1)12.5 (6.8)0.777
Polysomnography
 N3, %1.5 (3.8)6.0 (9.3)0.0013.6 (6.9)4.7 (5.9)0.592
 AHI, events/h36.5 (26.3)2.2 (1.4)0.00130.1 (22.0)1.6 (1.5)0.001
 Lowest O2, %79.9 (10.5)91.6 (4.1)0.00181.2 (8.1)92.1 (3.2)0.001
  1. All values are reported as mean (SD). OSA, obstructive sleep apnea; ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale, PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, NC neck circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio, SE sleep efficiency, N3 deep sleep, AHI apnea-hypopnea index