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Table 3 Facial fracture location, associated injuries, and procedures

From: Facial fractures and associated injuries in high- versus low-energy trauma: all are not created equal

 Energy mechanism P value
 Low (n = 98)High (n = 25) 
Fracture location   
Upper third (%)113 (13)6 (24)0.217
Midface (%)162 (63)21 (84)0.057
Mandible (%)137 (38)5 (20)0.105
Bilateral (%)117 (17)8 (32)0.161
Le Fort (%)13 (3)3 (12)0.098
Multiple facial fractures145 (46)15 (60)0.264
Associated injuries   
Any head or neck injury (%)135 (36)17 (68)0.265
Intracranial hemorrhage (%)115 (15)13 (52)< 0.001*
Cerebrovascular (%)10 (0)0 (0)NA
Concussion (%)133 (34)14 (56)0.064
Cervical spine fracture (%)10 (0)3 (12)< 0.001*
Any torso or extremity injury (%)17 (7)16 (64)0.0453*
Thoracic (%)15 (5)14 (56)< 0.001*
Abdominal (%)10 (0)2 (8)0.040*
Pelvic/lower extremity (%)11 (1)6 (24)< 0.001*
Procedures   
CTA2 performed (%)15 (5)9 (36)< 0.001*
Any procedure (%)148 (49)18 (72)0.045*
Neurosurgical procedure (%)15 (5)7 (28)0.002*
Facial surgery required (%)139 (40)7 (28)0.357
  1. 1Fisher’s exact T test
  2. 2Computed tomography angiography