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Table 1 Comparison of torque between the 3 groups (pound per inch)

From: Does the systemic administration of l-arginine affect dental implant stability in nicotine consumer dogs?

Torque Group p value
a: nicotine b: nicotine+l-arg c: no nicotine no l-arg Total a, b a, c b, c
Insertion 85.6 ± 17.5 44.4 ± 8.6 60.5 ± 9.1 0.025 0.020 0.194 0.497
Removal 79.87 ± 27.6 69.2 ± 37.8 107.5 ± 16.5 0.041 0.758 0.156 0.039
Change − 5.7 ± 24.0 25.1 ± 37.8 47.0 ± 16.9 0.004 0.049 0.003 0.276
p value 0.521 0.103 < 0.001     
  1. Data were presented as mean ± SD; column p value, extract from one-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc; row p value, extract from paired t test