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Table 4 The relationship between a history of MERS, influenza, or EBV and the intensity of side effects (on a 0–10 scale)

From: Vaccine-associated complications: a comparative multicenter evaluation among dental practitioners and dental students—which candidate vaccine is more safe in SARS COV II, Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V), ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AstraZeneca), BBV152 (Covaxin), or BBIBP-CorV(Sinopharm)?

Side effect History of MERS, influenza, or EBV (mean ±standard deviation) P value
No Yes
Cellulitis warmth and swollen armpit glands 0±1 0±1 <0.001
Faint 0±0 0±0 0.001
Chest pain 1±2 1±2 0.013
Shortness of breath 1±2 1±2 0.015
Cough 1±1 1±2 0.036
Headache 3±4 4±4 0.041
Loss of appetite 2±3 2±3 0.579
Anaphylactic shock 0±1 0±0 0.069
Bradycardia 0±1 0±1 0.079
Malaise 4±3 4±3 0.079
Chills and shiver 3±4 3±4 0.083
Tachycardia 1±2 1±2 0.086
Redness and itch 0±1 0±1 0.111
Fatigue 4±3 5±3 0.123
Facial numbness 0±1 0±1 0.128
Earache 0±2 1±2 0.129
Jaw pain 2±3 2±3 0.135
Nasal bleeding 0±0 0±0 0.136
Vomiting 0±2 0±2 0.136
Dizziness 2±3 2±3 0.152
Pain in foot 2±3 3±3 0.168
Local pain in the hand 4±3 4±3 0.198
Arthralgia 2±3 2±3 0.198
Fever 3±3 3±4 0.223
Dysphagia 0±2 0±2 0.249
Insomnia 4±4 4±4 0.303
Crump/abdominal pain 1±2 1±2 0.307
Blurred vision 0±1 0±1 0.347
Diarrhea 1±2 1±2 0.375
Thrombosis and blood-clotting 0±0 0±0 0.478
Optic neuritis 0±1 0±1 0.484
Oral bleeding 0±0 0±1 0.490
Seizure 0±0 0±1 0.502
Vision disorder 1±2 1±2 0.638
Speech disorders 0±0 0±0 0.722
Body pain 4±4 4±4 0.758
Anesthesia (face/body) 0±0 0±1 0.927
Diplopia 0±1 0±1 0.946