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Table 3 Data regarding complications and revisions

From: Prevalence of complications associated with polymer-based alloplastic materials in nasal dorsal augmentation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study, year of publication (number of cases) Study design Rates of complications Revision
Extrusion Infection Deviation (graft displacement) Overcorrection Hematoma Irregularity Others
Yap, E. C. et al. [11] 2011 (n = 1054)
e-PTFE
Retrospective 5 4 11 4 0 0 0 8
Turegun. M et al. [26] 2008, (n = 14)
Medpor
Prospective 0 0 1 0 0 0 3
patients indicated that the difficulty of breathing started right after the surgery and 11 patients stated that it became worse.
1
Conrad. K et al [27] 2009, (n = 349)
Gore-Tex
Retrospective 2 0 0 0 0 0 4
Soft tissue reaction
20
Lohuis. P.J.F.M et al. [28] 2001, (n = 66)
Gore-Tex
Retrospective 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Mohammadi Sh et al. [29] 2014, (n = 38)
Medpor
Prospective/cohort 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Waldman S R et al. [30] 1991, (n = 17)
Gore-Tex
Retrospective 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Zelken Jonathan et al. [38] 2016, (n = 177)
Composite (silicone-PTFE)
Retrospective 0 2 8 0 4 0 0 12
Godin. M et al. [32] 1995, (n = 137)
Gore-Tex
Retrospective 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 4
Hwan Wang J et al. [33] 2007, (n = 27)
silicone
Retrospective 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
Zeng Yanjun et al. [34] 2002, (n = 98)
silicone
Prospective 0 0 38 0 15 0 Drift o prosthesis
Severe: 32
Mild: 43
Convexo-concave at nasal root
Small: 19
Significant: 7
Small angle of the nose bridge less than 25°: 27
Nm
Hong et al. [23], 2010 (n = 257)
Gore-Tex
Prospective/cohort 0 9 3 3 0 8 Skin thinning 1/tip problems 9/ minor problems 4/ 2 too low dorsum / 34
Schwaiger et al. [24] (2019) (n = 20)
Medpor
Retrospective 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 Nm
Chen et al. [22]. 2010 (n = 32)
Medpor
Retrospective 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Han et al. [21]. 2012 (n = 58)
Medpor
Prospective/cohort 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Jeong et al. [25] (2018) (n = 227)
silicone
Retrospective 2 5 4 0 0 7 0 7
Niechajev, I [20], 2012 (n = 53)
Medpor
Retrospective 2 3 0 2 0 0 1 building
1 insufficient augmentation
Patient dissatisfaction = 5
5
Colton, J.J et al. [19], 1992 (n = 93)
Mersilene
Retrospective 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 4
Karnes Julie et al. 2000 [17] (n = 30)
Medpor
Retrospective 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Alvarez-Buylla Blanco, M et al. [17], 2011 (n = 14)
Gore-Tex
Retrospective 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 3
Beekhuis, G. J.et al. [16] 1980 (n = 30)
Polyamide
Retrospective 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Winkler, A. A. et al. [15], 2012 (n = 75)
ePTFE
Retrospective 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 nm
Joo, Y. H. et al. [14], 2016 (n = 176)
ePTFE
Retrospective 0 1 2 0 0 1 Obvious implant contour = 2
Short nose deformity = 1
nm
Scott Shadfar et al. [13], 2015 (n = 35)
ePTFE
Retrospective 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2
Kim, Y. S. et al. [12] 2015 (n = 11)
8 silicone
3 Gore-Tex
Retrospective 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Pham and Hunter [36] 2006 (n = 19)
Medpor
Retrospective 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Pham [35] 2011 (n = 23)
Medpor
Retrospective 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Niechajev [37] 1999
Medpor (n= 23)
Prospective 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 manageable complications 2