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Table 2 Median manual and 3D measurements (mm)

From: Validation of a new three-dimensional imaging system using comparative craniofacial anthropometry

Subject
  Am A3D Bm B3D Cm C3D Dm D3D Em E3D Fm F3D
Maxillary depth 132.11 132.80 111.26 111.20 114.71 115.62 115.93 113.74 115.91 114.27 121.23 120.84
Mandibular depth 148.00 146.17 118.92 122.87 133.83 132.79 132.54 130.01 126.43 126.71 136.37 132.71
Morphological face height 130.81 127.36 113.76 114.74 116.61 115.52 127.02 124.57 107.07 106.50 132.12 130.59
Chin height 25.38 25.98 22.05 27.59 27.47 27.61 26.34 27.36 22.71 23.15 27.39 23.00
Intercanthal width 31.65 33.59 28.80 29.49 31.82 30.65 33.35 29.70 28.30 28.19 31.31 28.88
Biocular width 101.13 97.07 93.96 88.91 91.55 88.59 89.72 84.97 88.65 86.03 92.37 89.72
Nose height 63.65 60.56 57.20 53.10 55.31 54.14 63.21 62.62 55.07 51.52 65.90 63.25
Nasal tip protrusion 21.59 21.57 25.99 20.20 18.10 17.57 20.68 19.77 22.49 22.01 20.90 21.22
Columella length 10.13 12.16 12.22 11.58 8.03 8.84 9.23 9.19 12.12 12.32 10.43 12.11
Alar surface length 39.35 38.64 30.36 29.97 31.91 31.67 32.03 30.39 31.29 30.04 36.58 38.54
Labial fissure width 52.03 48.64 50.59 45.55 59.42 56.41 48.32 46.47 50.92 48.69 55.85 53.82
Upper lip height 25.90 25.85 18.23 20.96 20.14 20.25 22.44 20.71 19.01 17.49 24.63 25.50
Upper vermilion height 12.39 12.23 7.91 8.52 8.10 7.41 7.64 6.80 7.91 6.92 10.48 9.96
Lower vermilion height 16.18 13.90 8.93 9.82 10.78 9.10 8.13 7.77 6.77 4.93 11.37 11.53
Lower lip height 22.11 21.12 16.40 16.81 16.50 16.35 17.66 16.70 17.37 16.39 25.72 24.37
  1. Superscripts m and 3D indicate manual measurements and three-dimensional measurements, respectively