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  1. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the author wanted to correct the ‘XXX University Hospital’ in below two sentences. The ‘XXX University Hospital’ should be the ‘Hanyang University Hospital’.

    Authors: Ki-Hyun Jung, Seong-Su Ro, Seong-Won Lee, Jae-Yoon Jeon, Chang-Joo Park and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:28

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    The original article was published in Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:25

  2. Content type: Review

    Implants are becoming the first choice of rehabilitation for tooth loss. Even though they have a high success rate, failures still occur for many reasons. The objective of this study is to analyze the reasons ...

    Authors: Dong-Woo Kang, So-Hyun Kim, Yong-Hoon Choi and Young-Kyun Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:27

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Brain abscess is a life-threatening condition that occurs due to complications during a neurosurgical procedure, direct cranial trauma, or the presence of local or distal infection. Infection in the oral cavit...

    Authors: Ki-Hyun Jung, Seong-Su Ro, Seong-Won Lee, Jae-Yoon Jeon, Chang-Joo Park and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:25

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:28

  4. Content type: Case report

    Conventionally, indirect radiography has been used to diagnose salivary gland diseases. However, with the development of sialendoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of salivary gland diseases have become more effec...

    Authors: Dong-Keon Lee, Euy-Hyun Kim, Chang-Woo Kim, Mong-Hun Kang, In-Seok Song and Sang-Ho Jun

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:24

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  5. Content type: Methodology

    Treatment planning the correction of a transverse maxillary occlusal plane cant often involves a degree of qualitative “eyeballing”, with the attendant possibility of error in the estimated judgement. A simple...

    Authors: Farhad B. Naini, Ashraf Messiha and Daljit S. Gill

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:21

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  6. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX) injection into the anterior belly of the digastric muscle on a growing rat.

    Authors: Janghoon Ahn, Seong-Gon Kim, Min-Keun Kim, Insan Jang and Hyun Seok

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:20

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  7. Content type: Case report

    The submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a type of cleft palate that may result in velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Palate muscles completely separate oral and nasal cavities by closing off the velopharynx duri...

    Authors: Yun-Ha Park, Hyun-Jun Jo, In-Seok Hong, Dae-Ho Leem, Jin-A Baek and Seung-O Ko

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:19

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Class II malocclusion patients with hyperdivergent facial types are characterized by short mandibular body lengths and anterior open bite. Accordingly, the treatment for hyperdivergent skeletal class II malocc...

    Authors: Yei-Jin Kang, Bong Kuen Cha, Dong Soon Choi, In San Jang and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:17

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  9. Content type: Research

    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis during early childhood may lead to disturbances in growth and facial asymmetry and to serious difficulties in eating as well as in breathing during sleep. The purpose of...

    Authors: Min Woo Park, Mi Young Eo, Bo Yeon Seo, Truc Thi Hoang Nguyen and Soung Min Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:18

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  10. Content type: Research

    Silk mats have been approved for clinical trials by the Korean Food and Drug Administration as membranes for guided tissue regeneration (GTR). In this study, silk mat application was compared to high-density p...

    Authors: Ju-Won Kim, You-Young Jo, Jwa-Young Kim, Ji-hyeon Oh, Byoung-Eun Yang and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:16

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a variant of actinic keratosis which is known to be a premalignant condition that could develop into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Epimyoepithelial carcinoma (EC) is a very rare sali...

    Authors: Soung Min Kim, Hoon Myoung, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho and Suk Keun Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:15

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Condylar dislocation can arise as a complication in patients who required mandibular and/or condylar reconstruction and were operated on with fibula free flap (FFF) using surgical guides designed using simulat...

    Authors: Sang-Hoon Kang, Sanghoon Lee and Woong Nam

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:14

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  13. Content type: Review

    Maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin, also known as maxillary sinusitis of dental origin or odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (OMS), is a common disease in dental, otorhinolaryngologic, allergic, general, a...

    Authors: Soung Min Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:13

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  14. Content type: Research

    Le Fort I osteotomy is one of the surgical procedures now routinely and safely performed. It is possible to move the maxilla in three dimensions, but it is necessary to separate the bones around the maxillary ...

    Authors: Masashi Iwamoto, Miki Watanabe, Masae Yamamoto, Masato Narita, Takashi Kamio, Takashi Takaki, Takahiko Shibahara and Akira Katakura

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:12

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  15. Content type: Review

    The “surgery-first” approach, defined as a team approach between surgeons and orthodontists for orthognathic surgery without preoperative orthodontic treatment, is aimed at dental decompensation. A brief histo...

    Authors: Dong-Soon Choi, Umberto Garagiola and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:10

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  16. Content type: Research

    Botulinum toxin injection on the masticatory muscle induces the osteopenic condition on the ipsilateral condyle. Bisphosphonate suppresses bone resorption and is used to treat osteopenic or osteoporotic condit...

    Authors: Jae-Young Kim, Dae-Hoon Kim, Hyo-Won Jang, Kwang-Ho Park and Jong-Ki Huh

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:11

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  17. Content type: Research

    Resorbable devices have recently been adopted in the field of orthognathic surgery with controversies about their postoperative skeletal stability. Hence, we determined the long-term skeletal stability of unsi...

    Authors: Young-Wook Park, Hyun-Sik Kang and Jang-Ha Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:8

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  18. Content type: Research

    There is no normative craniofacial anthropometric data for the Kenyan-African population. The purpose of this investigation was to determine normative anthropometric craniofacial measurements and proportional ...

    Authors: Saurab S. Virdi, David Wertheim and Farhad B. Naini

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:9

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  19. Content type: Methodology

    To introduce a novel technique for advancement genioplasty helping surgeons to avoid soft tissue difficulties especially in short-faced patients with deep mentolabial fold and everted lower lip.

    Authors: Seied Omid Keyhan, Behzad Cheshmi, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Mohammad Ali Asayesh and Tirbod Fattahi

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:7

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  20. Content type: Research

    The present study aimed to determine whether laypeople and professionals rate the facial appearance of individuals with repaired complete unilateral or bilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP, BCLP) similarly bas...

    Authors: Samar Alhayek, Mohammed Alsalem, Yazeed Alotaibi and Aamir Omair

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:5

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  21. Content type: Research

    Osteomyelitis is an intraosseous inflammatory disease characterized by progressive inflammatory osteoclasia and ossification. The use of quantitative analysis to assist interpretation of osteomyelitis is incre...

    Authors: Moo Soung Park, Mi Young Eo, Hoon Myoung, Soung Min Kim and Jong Ho Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:6

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  22. Content type: Research

    The mandibular third molar (M3) is typically the last permanent tooth to erupt because of insufficient space and thick soft tissues covering its surface. Problems such as alveolar bone loss, development of a p...

    Authors: Eugene Kim, Mi Young Eo, Truc Thi Hoang Nguyen, Hoon Joo Yang, Hoon Myoung and Soung Min Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:4

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  23. Content type: Research

    Coffee extract has been investigated by many authors, and many minor components of coffee are known, such as polyphenols, diterpenes (kahweol and cafestol), melanoidins, and trigonelline, to have anti-inflamma...

    Authors: Cheol Soo Yoon, Min Keun Kim, Yeon Sook Kim and Suk Keun Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:44

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  24. Content type: Research

    Functional closure of the orbicularis oris muscle and esthetic reconstruction of nasolabial components are impossible in patients with severely deformed premaxilla. Here, we review a surgical strategy for pati...

    Authors: Young-Wook Park and Chan-Woo Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:43

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Free fibular flap is one of the most useful methods in the hard tissue reconstruction of the maxilla-mandible. Free fibular flap presents some advantages in which the reconstruction of both soft and hard tissu...

    Authors: Won-Hyuk Choi, Yong-Deok Kim, Jae-Min Song and Jae-Yeol Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:41

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  26. Content type: Case report

    A 9-year-old male showed severe defects in midface structures, which resulted in maxillary hypoplasia, ocular hypertelorism, relative mandibular prognathism, and syndactyly. He had been diagnosed as having Ape...

    Authors: Bong Kuen Cha, Dong Soon Choi, In San Jang, Hyun Tae Yook, Seung Youp Lee, Sang Shin Lee and Suk Keun Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:40

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Patients with chronic ITP (idiopathic thrombocytopenia) frequently do not require comprehensive medication for daily life. Usually, it had been regarded that postoperative bleeding after a simple or surgical e...

    Authors: Sung-Tak Lee, Jin-Wook Kim and Tae-Geon Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:39

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone lesion characterized by the progressive replacement of normal bone with fibro-osseous connective tissue. The maxilla is the most commonly affected area of facial bone, r...

    Authors: Miju Kang, Yu-jin Jee, Deok won Lee, Sang-pil Jung, Se-won Kim, Sunin Yang and Dong-mok Ryu

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:38

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Fractures of the orbital wall are mainly caused by traffic accidents, assaults, and falls and generally occur in men aged between 20 and 40 years. Complications that may occur after an orbital fracture include...

    Authors: Jae Jin Heo, Ji-Hun Chong, Jeong Joon Han, Seunggon Jung, Min-Suk Kook, Hee-Kyun Oh and Hong-Ju Park

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:42

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is characterized by the replacement of normal bone by abnormal fibro-osseous connective tissue and typically treated with surgical contouring of the dysplastic bone. When dysplastic lesi...

    Authors: Santhiya Iswarya Vinothini Udayakumar, Jun-Young Paeng, So-Young Choi, Hong-In Shin, Sung-Tak Lee and Tae-Geon Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:37

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  31. Content type: Research

    Botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) injection into muscle reduces muscular power and may prevent post-operative complication after orthognathic surgery. The purpose of this study was (1) to evaluate BTX-A injection into...

    Authors: Sung-Ho Shin, Yei-Jin Kang and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:36

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  32. Content type: Case report

    After the resection at the mandibular site involving oral cancer, free vascularized fibular graft, a type of vascularized autograft, is often used for the mandibular reconstruction. Titanium mesh (T-mesh) and ...

    Authors: Won-bum Lee, Won-hyuk Choi, Hyeong-geun Lee, Na-rae Choi, Dae-seok Hwang and Uk-kyu Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:35

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  33. Content type: Research

    Radiation therapy is widely employed in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Adverse effects of therapeutic irradiation include delayed bone healing after dental extraction or impaired bone regeneration at t...

    Authors: Hong-Moon Jung, Jeong-Eun Lee, Seoung-Jun Lee, Jung-Tae Lee, Tae-Yub Kwon and Tae-Geon Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:34

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  34. Content type: Case report

    The free vascularized fibula flap presents many advantages such as sufficient length of the bony segment, good vascularization, better quality of the bone, and a long vascular pedicle, but it is also associate...

    Authors: Naoaki Saito, Akinori Funayama, Yoshiaki Arai, Daisuke Suda, Yoshiyuki Takata and Tadaharu Kobayashi

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:32

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  35. Content type: Research

    Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery with maxillomandibular setback is often accompanied by changes in airway space. We analyzed the changes in airway space before and after surgery and assessed their association ...

    Authors: Seung-Il Jang, Jaemyung Ahn, Jun Young Paeng and Jongrak Hong

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:33

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  36. Content type: Research

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the differences in the position and shape of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (ALIAN) in relation to the growth pattern of the mandibular fun...

    Authors: Seungkyu Yoon, Jae-Young Kim, Cheol-Hee Jeong, Jengbin Park, Jong-Ki Huh and Kwang-Ho Park

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:30

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  37. Content type: Research

    For proper recovery from craniofacial fracture, it is necessary to establish guidelines based on trends. This study aimed to analyze the patterns and causes of craniofacial fractures.

    Authors: Ki-Su Jin, Ho Lee, Jun-Bae Sohn, Yoon-Sic Han, Da-Un Jung, Hye-Young Sim and Hee-Sun Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:29

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  38. Content type: Review

    Various complications occur when a maxillofacial fracture is malunionized or improperly resolved. Malocclusion is the most common complication, followed by facial deformity, temporomandibular joint disorder (T...

    Authors: Sang-Yun Kim, Yong-Hoon Choi and Young-Kyun Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:27

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Some of head and neck cancer patients are in compromised general condition after ablation surgery and chemoradiation therapy, which makes secondary free tissue transfer quite challenging. Elderly cancer patien...

    Authors: Sanghoon Lee, Hye-Min Cho, Jin-kyu Kim and Woong Nam

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:25

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  40. Content type: Methodology

    Cross-facial nerve graft is considered the treatment of choice for facial reanimation in patients with unilateral facial palsy caused by central facial nerve damage. In most cases, a traditional parotidectomy ...

    Authors: Joohee Jeong, Akram Abdo Almansoori, Hyun-Soo Park, Soo-Hwan Byun, Seung-Ki Min, Han-Wool Choung, Joo Yong Park, Sung Weon Choi, Bongju Kim, Soung-Min Kim and Jong-Ho Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:22

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  41. Content type: Review

    Temporalis tendon transfer is a technique for dynamic facial reanimation. Since its inception, nearly 80 years ago, it has undergone a wealth of innovation to produce the modern operation. Temporalis tendon tr...

    Authors: Ji Yun Choi, Hyo Joon Kim and Seong Yong Moon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2018 40:24

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