Skip to main content

Table 1 Correlation of fracture cause with fracture region

From: Fracture patterns and causes in the craniofacial region: an 8-year review of 2076 patients

Etiology Region of fracture Total
Nasal bone Orbital wall Zygomatic arch Maxillary wall Symphysis Angle Condyle Body Cranial bone
Ground 526 (47.0)* 181 (16.2) 139 (12.4) 109 (9.7) 60 (5.4) 38 (3.4) 50 (4.5) 11 (1.0) 4 (0.4) 1118
Assault 406 (55.0)* 164 (22.2) 23 (3.1) 44 (6.0) 33 (4.5) 42 (5.7) 13 (1.8) 11 (1.5) 2 (0.3) 738
Sports 172 (71.1)* 32 (13.2) 10 (4.1) 10 (4.1) 6 (2.5) 11 (4.5) 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 242
TA 102 (28.7) 77 (21.7) 61 (17.2)* 62 (17.5)* 22 (6.2) 5 (1.4) 12 (3.4) 9 (2.5) 5 (1.4) 355
Flying object 54 (64.3)* 13 (15.5) 6 (7.1) 3 (3.5) 4 (4.8) 2 (2.4) 0 (0) 2 (2.4) 0 (0) 84
Fall 25 (21.9) 26 (22.8) 22 (19.3)* 19 (16.7)* 8 (7.0) 1 (0.9) 7 (6.1) 5 (4.4) 1 (0.9) 114
Total 1285 (48.5) 493 (18.6) 261 (9.8) 247 (9.3) 133 (5.0) 99 (3.7) 82 (3.1) 39 (1.5) 12 (0.5) 2651
  1. Fifty-seven cases of unknown etiology were excluded
  2. Values are presented as number (%) or number only
  3. The sum of the percentage value does not equal 100% because of rounding
  4. Ground ground accident, TA traffic accident, Symphysis mandibular symphysis or parasymphysis, Angle mandibular angle, Condyle mandibular condyle, Body mandibular body
  5. *Statistical significance, p < .05 (by Pearson’s chi–square test followed by multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni method)