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Table 8 Proportional indices comparison of Kenyan African males and females to North American Whites

From: Normative anthropometry and proportions of the Kenyan-African face and comparative anthropometry in relation to African Americans and North American Whites

  KAM Diff NAW KAF Diff NAW P value
Vermillion total upper lip height 55.9 (5.5) 12.8 (5.5) 56.3 (5.7) 27.5 (39.6) < 0.001
Vermillion cutaneous upper lip height 99.4 (11.1) 11.6 (11.1) 99.2 (4.8) 11.8 (4.8) < 0.001
Nose— mouth width 77.3 (7.0) 12.0 (7.0) 78.7 (9.1) 15.4 (9.1) < 0.001
Intercanthal nasal width 75.2 (7.0) −19.9 (7.7) 79.5 (7.4) −21.4 (7.4) < 0.001
Lower face height 50.1 (2.4) 6.4 (2.4) 40.7 (2.4) −3.1 (2.4) < 0.001
  1. KAM Kenyan African males, KAF Kenyan African females, NAW North American Whites