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Table 1 Recent cases of needle removal

From: Removal of a suture needle: a case report

Authors (year) Type of needle cases Site of needle fragment Detection method Required time Successful removal
McDonogh (1996) [2] Injection needle 1 Retromolar region (right) DPR, oblique lateral, lateral skull. RG KEELER metal detector 1 h Yes
Bhatia (1998) [3] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) PA RG 2 h Yes
Zeltser (2002) [4] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) DPR, PA RG, CT, 23G needle soaked in methylene blue Immediately Yes
Thompson (2003) [5] Injection needle 2 Pterygo-mandibular space (right, left) RG, image intensifier with 2 reference needles Immediately Yes
Ethunandan (2007) [6] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right) DPR, PA mandible, lateral cephalometric RG, CT 6 months Yes
Dojcinovic (2007) [7] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) DPR, radioscopy Immediately Yes
Nezafati (2008) [8] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right) CT, 18G needle, digital C-Arm 2 days Yes
Pogrel (2009) [9] Injection needle 16 Medial pterygoid muscle (left) (n=1), not defined (n=15) DPR, CT, intra-operative RG with 2 spinal needles   Yes
Chrcanivic (2009) [10] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) Lateral skull RG Immediately Yes
Augello (2009) [11] Injection needle 1 Masseter (right) DPR, CT, fluoroscopy Immediately Yes
Hassani (2010) [12] Suture needle 1 Tuberosity hamular-notch region DPR, CBCT 4 years Yes
Sencimen (2010) [13] Suture needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) DPR, CT, C-arm fluoroscope (Philips Medical Systems) Few days Yes
Prado (2010) [14] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right), migration to skull base CT   No
Rifkind (2011) [15] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right) DPR, CT, intra-operative fluoroscopy with 2 reference needles 8 days Yes
Bacci (2012) [16] Injection needle 1 Anterior part of temporalis muscle DPR, fluoroscopy Immediately Yes
Brucoli (2012) [17] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) DPR, fluoroscopy 1 month Yes
Catelani (2013) [18] Injection needle 4 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) CT, fluoroscopy (C-arm with 2 reference needles, methylene technique) Immediately Yes
   Immediately Yes
Extra-corporeal   Immediately  
Pterygo-mandibular space (right) CT, fluoroscopy (C-arm with 2 reference needles, methylene technique)   Yes
Gerbino (2013) [19] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left) DPR, CT, navigation system (BrainLAB) 1 day Yes
Kim (2013) [20] Injection needle 1 Between coronoid process and condyle neck area(left) DPR, CT   Yes
Nicot (2013) [21] Injection needle 1 Subangulo-mandibular region DPR, CT 5 days Yes
Rahman (2013) [22] Injection needle 1 In the vicinity of the lingula (right), migration to postauricular area DPR, lateral oblique RG, CT 2 weeks Yes
Ribeiro (2014) [23] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (left), migration to medial wall of external auditory canal CT > 12 month Yes
Acham (2014) [24] Injection needle 1 Mandibular notch DPR, CBCT, C-arm with 2 reference needles 6 h Yes
Bailey (2015) [25] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right) DPR, PA mandibular RG Immediately Yes
Casey (2015) [26] Injection needle 1 Adjacent to the internal carotid artery CT 4 years Yes
Lee (2015) [27] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space above lingula (right) DPR, CT, navigation system (Medronci AxiEM) 1 year Yes
Okumura (2015) [28] Injection needle 1 Parapharyngeal space adjacent to external carotid artery (right) CT, facial x-ray, fluoroscopy, K-wire as reference bar 1 month Yes
Stein (2015) [29] Injection needle 1 Pterygo-mandibular space (right) CBCT, navigation system (Medtronic StealthStation S7) Immediately Yes
Aktop (2015) [30] Suture needle 1 Nearly below the medial pterygoid plate DPR, CBCT Immediately Yes
Queiroz (2016) [31] Injection needle 1 Cervical region close to facial artery CT, C-arm image intensifier Few days Yes
  1. DPR, CT, CBCT, PA, and RG represent dental panoramic radiography, computed tomography, cone beam computed tomography, posterior-anterior, and radiography respectively