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  1. The prognosis of recovery following microneurosurgery for injured lingual nerves varies among individual cases. This study aimed to investigate if recovery ratios of sensory and taste functions are improved by...

    Authors: Takashi Nakanishi, Yuta Yamamoto, Kensuke Tanioka, Yukari Shintani, Itaru Tojyo and Shigeyuki Fujita

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:61

    Content type: Research

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  2. The lingual nerve plays an important role in multiple functions, including gustatory sensation and contact sensitivity and thermosensitivity. Misdiagnosed conservative treatments for serious lingual nerve (LN)...

    Authors: Shigeyuki Fujita, Naoki Mizobata, Takashi Nakanishi and Itaru Tojyo

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:60

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between gender-specific and obesity-related airway anatomy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by using cephalometric analyses.

    Authors: Seok Hyun Cho, Jae-Yun Jeon, Kun-Soo Jang, Sang Yoon Kim, Kyung Rae Kim, Seungho Ryu and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:58

    Content type: Research

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  4. Primary rhinoplasty outcomes may not meet individual expectations. Consequently, reoperation may be advocated to improve results. This study examines the prevalence of individuals considering revision rhinopla...

    Authors: Najlaa Abdulrahman Alsubeeh, Mayar Abdulsalam AlSaqr, Mohammed Alkarzae and Badi Aldosari

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:59

    Content type: Research

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  5. The relationship between the lateral deviation of chin and the upper and middle facial third asymmetry is still controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation of upper and middle facia...

    Authors: Hyo-Won CHOI, Bola KIM, Jae-Young KIM, Jong-Ki HUH and Kwang-Ho PARK

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:57

    Content type: Research

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  6. Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an immune checkpoint molecule that attenuates the immune response. PD-L1 contributes to failed antitumor immunity; thereby, blockade of PD-L1 with monoclonal antibody ...

    Authors: Itaru Tojyo, Yukari Shintani, Takashi Nakanishi, Kenjiro Okamoto, Yukihiro Hiraishi, Shigeyuki Fujita, Mayu Enaka, Fuyuki Sato and Yasuteru Muragaki

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:56

    Content type: Research

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  7. Transverse facial clefts are Tessier’s number 7 facial cleft among numbers 1–15 in Tessier’s classification of craniofacial malformations, which varies from a simple widening oral commissure to a complete fiss...

    Authors: Sung-Hyuk Koh, Yeon-Woo Jeong, Jeong Joon Han, Seunggon Jung, Min-Suk Kook, Hee-Kyun Oh and Hong-Ju Park

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:55

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The presence of septa increases the risk of Schneiderian membrane perforation during sinus lift procedure, and therefore, the chance of graft failure increases. We present a safe method of managing septa and, ...

    Authors: Junho Jung, Bo-Yeon Hwang, Byung-Soo Kim and Jung-Woo Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:54

    Content type: Methodology

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  9. The nasal bone is the most protruding bony structure of the facial bones. Nasal bone fracture is the most common facial bone fracture. The high rate of incidence of nasal bone fracture emphasizes the need for ...

    Authors: Byung-Hun Kang, Hyo-Sun Kang, Jeong Joon Han, Seunggon Jung, Hong-Ju Park, Hee-Kyun Oh and Min-Suk Kook

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:53

    Content type: Research

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  10. A compact passive oxide layer can grow on tantalum (Ta). It has been reported that this oxide layer can facilitate bone ingrowth in vivo though the development of bone-like apatite, which promotes hard and sof...

    Authors: Mohammed Mousa Bakri, Sung Ho Lee and Jong Ho Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:52

    Content type: Research

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  11. It has been reported before that the amount of pharyngeal airway space (PAS) significantly decreases following mandibular setback (MS) surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism (MP). Further, MP patients...

    Authors: Kyungjin Lee and Soon Jung Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:51

    Content type: Research

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  12. Maxillary bone grafts and implantations have increased over recent years despite a lack of maxillary bone quality and quantity. The number of patients referred for oroantral fistula (OAF) due to implant or bon...

    Authors: Jinyoung Park, Byung-do Chun, Uk-Kyu Kim, Na-Rae Choi, Hong-Seok Choi and Dae-Seok Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:50

    Content type: Research

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  13. The purpose of this study was to review the clinical features of oromaxillofacial infections in patients presenting to a hospital emergency ward, to identify the key factors affecting the requirement for hospi...

    Authors: Jinyoung Park, Jae-Yeol Lee, Dae-Seok Hwang, Yong-Deok Kim, Sang-Hun Shin, Uk-Kyu Kim and Jae-Min Song

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:49

    Content type: Research

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  14. Soft tissue asymmetry such as lip canting or deviation of the philtrum is an important influencing factor for unbalanced facial appearance. Lip canting could be improved by the correction of the occlusal canti...

    Authors: Yewon Joh, Hyun Soo Park, Hoon Joo Yang and Soon Jung Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:48

    Content type: Research

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  15. Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been applied as a primary biomaterial for temporary soft tissue augmentation and as a carrier for cells and the delivery of growth factors to promote tissue regeneration. Although HA d...

    Authors: Su Yeon Lee, Yongdoo Park and Soon Jung Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:47

    Content type: Research

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  16. Botulinum toxin (BTX) has various therapeutic indications: bruxism, square jaw, facial wrinkle, oral ulcer and maxillofacial pain, etc. In this paper, we will discuss the effectiveness of using BTX in dental i...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:45

    Content type: Review

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  17. We evaluated the improvement of pain and the increase in mouth opening after temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis and the possible association with various factors such as previous splint treatment, medicati...

    Authors: Chang-Woo Kim, Sung-Jae Lee, Euy-Hyun Kim, Dong-Keon Lee, Mong-Hun Kang, In-Seok Song and Sang-Ho Jun

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:44

    Content type: Research

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  18. Reconstructive surgery is often required for tumors of the oral and maxillofacial region, irrespective of whether they are benign or malignant, the area involved, and the tumor size. Recently, three-dimensiona...

    Authors: Masayuki Takano, Keisuke Sugahara, Masahide Koyachi, Kento Odaka, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinya Homma, Shinichi Abe, Akira Katakura and Takahiko Shibahara

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:43

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Botulinum toxin (BTX) is used in various ways such as temporarily resolving muscular problems in musculoskeletal temporomandibular disorders, inducing a decrease in bruxism through a change in muscular pattern...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:42

    Content type: Review

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  20. The purpose of this study is to discuss the total joint reconstruction surgery for a patient with recurrent ankylosis in bilateral temporomandibular joints (TMJs) using three-dimensional (3D) virtual surgical ...

    Authors: Seung-Hyun Rhee, Seung-Hak Baek, Sang-Hun Park, Jong-Cheol Kim, Chun-Gi Jeong and Jin-Young Choi

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:41

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The application of botulinum in oral and maxillofacial surgery begins in 1982, where Jan Carruthers started using it for reducing the muscle mass and smoothing the skin, and since then it has been used for cos...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:38

    Content type: Review

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  22. The purpose of this study was to measure the time of the conventional surgical planning (CSP) and virtual surgical planning (VSP) in orthognathic surgery and to compare them in terms of cost.

    Authors: Si-Yeon Park, Dae-Seok Hwang, Jae-Min Song and Uk-Kyu Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:35

    Content type: Research

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  23. Through the analysis of clinical data, we attempted to investigate the etiology and determine the risk of severe iatrogenic lingual nerve injuries in the removal of the mandibular third molar.

    Authors: Itaru Tojyo, Takashi Nakanishi, Yukari Shintani, Kenjiro Okamoto, Yukihiro Hiraishi and Shigeyuki Fujita

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:40

    Content type: Research

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  24. To systematically review the literature for methods to localize the genial tubercle as a means for performing an advancement of the genioglossus muscle.

    Authors: Edward T. Chang, Yong-Dae Kwon, Junho Jung, Robson Capasso, Robert Riley, Stanley C. Liu and Macario Camacho

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:34

    Content type: Research

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  25. Radioiodine therapy has been widely used for thyroid disease patients, but hyposalivation and xerostomia may occur in 10~30% of patients. Sialocentesis is a procedure that removes inflammatory substances in th...

    Authors: Euy-Hyun Kim, Dong-Keon Lee, Chang-Woo Kim, In-Seok Song and Sang-Ho Jun

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:39

    Content type: Research

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  26. The concept of the ideal morphology for the alveolar bone form is an important element to reconstruct or restore the in maximizing esthetic profile and functional alveolar bone restoration. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Hyun-Jae Cho, Jae-Yun Jeon, Sung-Jin Ahn, Sung-Won Lee, Joo-Ryun Chung, Chang-Joo Park and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:33

    Content type: Research

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  27. Tooth extraction commonly leads to loss of residual alveolar ridge, thus compromising the room available for the implant placement. To combat the post-extraction alveolar loss, alveolar ridge preservation is p...

    Authors: Tarun Kumar AB, Chaitra N. T., Gayatri Divya PS, M. G. Triveni and Dhoom Singh Mehta

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:32

    Content type: Research

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  28. To test the hypothesis that in profile smiling view, for ideal aesthetics, a tangent to the labial face of the maxillary central incisor crowns should be approximately parallel to the true vertical line and th...

    Authors: Farhad B. Naini, Shaadi Manouchehri, Zaid B. Al-Bitar, Daljit S. Gill, Umberto Garagiola and David Wertheim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:31

    Content type: Research

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  29. Reduction in postoperative complications is of vital considerations in impacted third molar teeth surgery. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative complications of impacted third molar surgeries for...

    Authors: Seied Omid Keyhan, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Behzad Cheshmi, Sajad Mokhtari, Dana Zandian and Parisa Yousefi

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:29

    Content type: Research

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  30. Advancements in the field of microvascular surgery and the widespread adoption of microvascular surgical techniques have made the use of osteocutaneous fibula free flaps the standard of care in the surgical ma...

    Authors: Santiago R. Gonzalez, Bradley Hobbs, Emre Vural and Mauricio A. Moreno

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:30

    Content type: Research

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  31. In the original publication of this article [1], the author wanted to correct the ‘XXX University Hospital’ in below two sentences. The ‘XXX University Hospital’ should be the ‘Hanyang University Hospital’.

    Authors: Ki-Hyun Jung, Seong-Su Ro, Seong-Won Lee, Jae-Yoon Jeon, Chang-Joo Park and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:28

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:25

  32. Implants are becoming the first choice of rehabilitation for tooth loss. Even though they have a high success rate, failures still occur for many reasons. The objective of this study is to analyze the reasons ...

    Authors: Dong-Woo Kang, So-Hyun Kim, Yong-Hoon Choi and Young-Kyun Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:27

    Content type: Review

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  33. Brain abscess is a life-threatening condition that occurs due to complications during a neurosurgical procedure, direct cranial trauma, or the presence of local or distal infection. Infection in the oral cavit...

    Authors: Ki-Hyun Jung, Seong-Su Ro, Seong-Won Lee, Jae-Yoon Jeon, Chang-Joo Park and Kyung-Gyun Hwang

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:25

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:28

  34. Conventionally, indirect radiography has been used to diagnose salivary gland diseases. However, with the development of sialendoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of salivary gland diseases have become more effec...

    Authors: Dong-Keon Lee, Euy-Hyun Kim, Chang-Woo Kim, Mong-Hun Kang, In-Seok Song and Sang-Ho Jun

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:24

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Treatment planning the correction of a transverse maxillary occlusal plane cant often involves a degree of qualitative “eyeballing”, with the attendant possibility of error in the estimated judgement. A simple...

    Authors: Farhad B. Naini, Ashraf Messiha and Daljit S. Gill

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:21

    Content type: Methodology

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  36. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX) injection into the anterior belly of the digastric muscle on a growing rat.

    Authors: Janghoon Ahn, Seong-Gon Kim, Min-Keun Kim, Insan Jang and Hyun Seok

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:20

    Content type: Research

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  37. The submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a type of cleft palate that may result in velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Palate muscles completely separate oral and nasal cavities by closing off the velopharynx duri...

    Authors: Yun-Ha Park, Hyun-Jun Jo, In-Seok Hong, Dae-Ho Leem, Jin-A Baek and Seung-O Ko

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:19

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Class II malocclusion patients with hyperdivergent facial types are characterized by short mandibular body lengths and anterior open bite. Accordingly, the treatment for hyperdivergent skeletal class II malocc...

    Authors: Yei-Jin Kang, Bong Kuen Cha, Dong Soon Choi, In San Jang and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:17

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis during early childhood may lead to disturbances in growth and facial asymmetry and to serious difficulties in eating as well as in breathing during sleep. The purpose of...

    Authors: Min Woo Park, Mi Young Eo, Bo Yeon Seo, Truc Thi Hoang Nguyen and Soung Min Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:18

    Content type: Research

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  40. Silk mats have been approved for clinical trials by the Korean Food and Drug Administration as membranes for guided tissue regeneration (GTR). In this study, silk mat application was compared to high-density p...

    Authors: Ju-Won Kim, You-Young Jo, Jwa-Young Kim, Ji-hyeon Oh, Byoung-Eun Yang and Seong-Gon Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:16

    Content type: Research

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  41. Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a variant of actinic keratosis which is known to be a premalignant condition that could develop into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Epimyoepithelial carcinoma (EC) is a very rare sali...

    Authors: Soung Min Kim, Hoon Myoung, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho and Suk Keun Lee

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:15

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Condylar dislocation can arise as a complication in patients who required mandibular and/or condylar reconstruction and were operated on with fibula free flap (FFF) using surgical guides designed using simulat...

    Authors: Sang-Hoon Kang, Sanghoon Lee and Woong Nam

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:14

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin, also known as maxillary sinusitis of dental origin or odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (OMS), is a common disease in dental, otorhinolaryngologic, allergic, general, a...

    Authors: Soung Min Kim

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:13

    Content type: Review

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  44. Le Fort I osteotomy is one of the surgical procedures now routinely and safely performed. It is possible to move the maxilla in three dimensions, but it is necessary to separate the bones around the maxillary ...

    Authors: Masashi Iwamoto, Miki Watanabe, Masae Yamamoto, Masato Narita, Takashi Kamio, Takashi Takaki, Takahiko Shibahara and Akira Katakura

    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:12

    Content type: Research

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