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  1. The pedicled buccal fat pad has been used for a long time to reconstruct oral defects due to its ease of flap formation and few complications. Many cases related to reconstruction of defects in the maxilla, su...

    Authors: Hyen Woo Lee, Sung ok Hong, Heeyeon Bae, Youngjin Shin and Yu-jin Jee
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:23
  2. Foreign bodies may be embedded or left behind in the oral cavity during oral surgical procedure. The loss of instruments such as impression material, surgical gauze, and broken injection needles are commonly r...

    Authors: Suyun Seon, Baek-Soo Lee, Byung-Joon Choi, Joo-Young Ohe, Jung-Woo Lee, Junho Jung, Bo-Yeon Hwang, Min-Ah Kim and Yong-Dae Kwon
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:22
  3. The purpose of this study was to investigate the condylar morphology and position of Koreans using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Analyzing the mean values of this study with reference to left an...

    Authors: Ji-Min Yun, Young-Jun Choi, Su-Heon Woo and Ui-Lyong Lee
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:21
  4. The aim of this study was to conduct epidemiologic investigations on the pattern of the lesion and differences between treatment modalities in terms of recurrence by reviewing follow-up records to form a basis...

    Authors: Hwi-Dong Jung, Jung-Hwan Lim, Hyung Jun Kim, Woong Nam and In-Ho Cha
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:16
  5. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small, non-coding mRNA molecules which regulate cellular processes in tumorigenesis. miRs were discovered in extracellular environment and biological fluids, carrying marks of head and nec...

    Authors: Cosmin Ioan Faur, Horatiu Rotaru, Ciprian Osan, Ancuta Jurj, Rares Calin Roman, Madalina Moldovan, Magdalena Chirila and Mihaela Hedesiu
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:19
  6. The purpose of this study was to measure the time of the conventional surgical planning (CSP) and virtual surgical planning (VSP) in orthognathic surgery and to compare them in terms of cost.

    Authors: Si-Yeon Park, Dae-Seok Hwang, Jae-Min Song and Uk-Kyu Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:18
  7. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of particulate autogenous tooth graft removed with organic matter and type I collagen addition on bone regeneration and to validate the possibility of useful allo...

    Authors: Min-Gu Kim, Jung-Han Lee, Gyoo-Cheon Kim, Dae-Seok Hwang, Chul-Hun Kim, Bok-Joo Kim, Jung-Han Kim and Uk-Kyu Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:17
  8. Nasal sill is one of the components of the alar ring, affecting the esthetic outcomes of rhinoplasty; accordingly, we developed a novel technique to adjust defects in this area and compared it with the availab...

    Authors: Gholamhossein Adham, Seied Omid Keyhan, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Heliya Ziaei and Mohan Thomas
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:14
  9. Artemether/lumefantrine (AL), sold under the brand name Coartem, is the most common artemisinin-based combination therapy for the treatment of malaria. Drug-induced oculogyric crisis is a neurological disorder...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kofi Amponsah, Buyanbileg Sodnom-Ish, Aaron Sowah Anyetei-Anum, Paul Frimpong and Soung Min Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:13
  10. During maxillofacial trauma or oral cancer surgery, peripheral nerve might be damaged by traction injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional and histomorphometric changes after traction nerve...

    Authors: Soo-Hwan Byun and Kang-Min Ahn
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:12
  11. Orthognathic surgery is widely used in treating functional and skeletal problems. Any surgical procedure could cause side effects.

    Authors: Farhad Ghorbani, Hossein Danesteh, Afshin Khoramnia and Saeid Tavanafar
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:11
  12. Pedicled buccal fat pad (PBFP) has been used for the reconstruction of small-sized maxillary defects but cannot be used without hard tissue support on the defect larger than 4 cm × 4 cm × 3 cm.

    Authors: Joo-Hyung Yoon, Young-Wook Park and Seong-Gon Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:10
  13. Oral metastasis by hepatocellular carcinoma (OMHCC) is extremely rare, and the prognosis had been reported quite poor due to simultaneous multiple organ metastases. In this study, we report clinical features a...

    Authors: Jun-Hee Hong, Keonmo Lee, Jinhong Kim and Kang-Min Ahn
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:9
  14. Nicotine can have detrimental effects on dental implant osseointegration. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of systemic l-arginine supplement on the osseointegration of dental implants in nicotine consum...

    Authors: Bijan Movahedian, Mansour Rismanchian, Hooman Navaei, Saeid Tavanafar and Soheil Koushaei
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:6
  15. Stability of the grafted bone volume is one of the important factors to the success of alveolar bone grafts. For this, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or fibrin sealant is mixed with the bone graft material. Bio-Os...

    Authors: Won-Hyuk Choi, Yong-Deok Kim, Jae-Min Song and Sang-Hun Shin
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:5
  16. Several investigations have been performed for a postoperative edema after extraction, but the results have been controversial due to low objectivity or poorly reproducible assessments of the edema. The aim of...

    Authors: Yeong Kon Jeong, Jeong-Kui Ku, Sung Hyun Baik, Jae-Seek You, Dae Ho Leem and Sun-Kyu Choi
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:4
  17. Today virtual surgical planning (VSP) is a standard method in maxillofacial corrective surgery and is the key to reach satisfactory esthetic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate usability of thr...

    Authors: Katrin Willinger, Godoberto Guevara-Rojas, Julia Cede, Kurt Schicho, Tanja Stamm and Clemens Klug
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:2
  18. Orthognathic surgery such as bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) for the treatment of mandibular deformities is one of the most common procedures in maxillofacial operations that may lead to neuro...

    Authors: Parsa Firoozi, Seied Omid Keyhan, Seong-Gon Kim and Hamid Reza Fallahi
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:41
  19. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is well known to exert an anti-inflammatory effect during oral wound healing and is commonly applied after tooth extraction. However, no double-blind randomized controlled study comparing ...

    Authors: Hyunwoo Yang, Junghun Kim, Jihong Kim, Dongwook Kim and Hyung Jun Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:40
  20. Head or scalp injury is a life-threatening and typically accidental human injury. Most medical departments require immediate medical treatment and proper treatment with specialized medical personnel and facili...

    Authors: Paul Frimpong, Truc Thi Hoang Nguyen, Edinam Salia Nimatu, Emmanuel Kofi Amponsah and Soung Min Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:39
  21. Lipomas are benign soft tissue neoplasms of mature adipose tissue commonly occurring in the trunk or extremities. But, intraoral lipomas are rare entities which may be only noticed during routine dental examin...

    Authors: Sung-Hwi Hur, Jae-Seok Lim, Sun-Gyu Choi, Ji-Yeon Kang, Ji-Hye Jung and Eun-Young Lee
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:38
  22. The human mandible is variable in shape, size and position and any deviation from normal can affect the facial appearance and dental occlusion.

    Authors: Ahmed Omran, David Wertheim, Kathryn Smith, Ching Yiu Jessica Liu and Farhad B. Naini
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:37
  23. Miescher’s cheilitis granulomatosa (MCG) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease and is known as the monosymptomatic clinical form of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS). It is characterised by swelling of one ...

    Authors: Massimo Porrini, Umberto Garagiola, Margherita Rossi, Moreno Bosotti, Sonia Marino, Aldo Bruno Giannì, Letterio Runza and Francesco Spadari
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:35
  24. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of biodegradable polycaprolactone membrane on new bone formation and the biodegradation of biphasic alloplastic bone substitutes using animal models.

    Authors: Jeong-Kui Ku, Young-Kyun Kim and Pil-Young Yun
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:34
  25. Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare, sporadic, and benign congenital condition in which normal cancellous bone is replaced by fibro-osseous tissue with immature osteogenesis. FD localized in the cranial and facia...

    Authors: Inseok Hong, Dong Cheol Kang, Dae-Ho Leem, Jin-A Baek and Seung-O Ko
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:31
  26. Le Fort I osteotomy is a highly effective treatment for skeletal jaw deformities and is commonly performed. High Le Fort I osteotomy is a modified surgical procedure performed for improving the depression of t...

    Authors: Keisuke Sugahara, Masahide Koyachi, Kento Odaka, Satoru Matsunaga and Akira Katakura
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:32
  27. Dental studies of precocious puberty have focused on examination of jaw and dentition growth. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between precocious puberty and maxillary dental developmental ...

    Authors: Yesel Kim, Nam-Ki Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Jeong-Kui Ku, Bu-Kyu Lee, Hoi-In Jung and Sun-Kyu Choi
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:30
  28. Microvascular reconstruction is the treatment of choice after oral cancer ablation surgery. There are few published studies of free flap survival among Korean populations. This study aimed to determine the sur...

    Authors: SeongRyoung Kim, Dong-Hun Lee and Kang-Min Ahn
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:29
  29. This clinical case presented a novel method of segmental mandible reconstruction using 3D-printed titanium implant with pre-mounted dental implants that was planned to rehabilitate occlusion.

    Authors: Jung-Hyun Park, Michidgerel Odkhuu, Sura Cho, Jingwen Li, Bo-Young Park and Jin-Woo Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:28
  30. Mandibular setback surgery can change the position of the mandible which improves occlusion and facial profile. Surgical movement of the mandible affects the base of the tongue, hyoid bone, and associated tiss...

    Authors: Seon-Hye Kim and Sung-Kwon Choi
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:27
  31. Orofacial clefts (OFCs) comprise a wide range of malformations, including cleft lip, cleft palate, and cleft lip with cleft palate, which can vary in terms of etiology, severity, and disease burden.

    Authors: Behzad Cheshmi, Zahra Jafari, Mohammad Ali Naseri and Heidar Ali Davari
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:26
  32. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes serious acute respiratory diseases including pneumonia and bronchitis with approximately 2.3% fatality occurrence.

    Authors: Seied Omid Keyhan, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Amin Motamedi, Vahid Khoshkam, Paymon Mehryar, Omid Moghaddas, Behzad Cheshmi, Parsa Firoozi, Parisa Yousefi and Behzad Houshmand
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:25
  33. In daily practice, three-dimensional patient-specific jawbone models (3D models) are a useful tool in surgical planning and simulation, resident training, patient education, and communication between the physi...

    Authors: Masato Narita, Takashi Takaki, Takahiko Shibahara, Masashi Iwamoto, Takashi Yakushiji and Takashi Kamio
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:24
  34. Facial fractures (FFs) occur after high- and low-energy trauma; differences in associated injuries and outcomes have not been well articulated.

    Authors: Cameron St. Hilaire, Arianne Johnson, Caitlin Loseth, Hamid Alipour, Nick Faunce, Stephen Kaminski and Rohit Sharma
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:22
  35. Fibula free flap mandible reconstruction is the standard procedure after wide resection of the mandible. Establishment and maintenance of normal occlusion are important in mandible reconstruction both intraope...

    Authors: Dong-Hun Lee, Seong Ryoung Kim, Sam Jang, Kang-Min Ahn and Jee-Ho Lee
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:21
  36. Anterior open bite is a challenging malocclusion to correct orthodontic treatment. Anterior open bite associated with over-erupted posterior teeth and long lower facial height should be treated by reduction of...

    Authors: Sung-Kwon Choi and Kyung-Hwan Kwon
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:20
  37. The tongue in groove technique (TIG) is a useful technique for the correction of the nasal tip projection and the nasolabial angle. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of this technique for ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Khabir, Mehdi Sezavar, Behnam Bohluli, Vahid Mesgarzadeh and Hamidreza Tavakoli
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:19
  38. Bone grafting has been considered the gold standard for hard tissue reconstructive surgery and is widely used for large mandibular defect reconstruction. However, the midface encompasses delicate structures th...

    Authors: Muhja Salah, Lobat Tayebi, Keyvan Moharamzadeh and Farhad B. Naini
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:18
  39. To evaluate the facial asymmetry, three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) has been used widely. This study proposed a method to quantify facial asymmetry based on 3D-CT.

    Authors: Hua-Lian Cao, Moon-Ho Kang, Jin-Yong Lee, Won-Jong Park, Han-Wool Choung and Pill-Hoon Choung
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:17
  40. Cyst enucleation, which extracts only the tumor with the application of Carnoy’s solution (CS), has been suggested as a conservative treatment with a low recurrence rate and morbidity. However, there has been ...

    Authors: Hyun-Jun Jo, Hee-Youl Kim, Dong-Cheol Kang, Dae-Ho Leem, Jin-A Baek and Seung-O Ko
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2020 42:16